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Factories Act, 1948 | Bare Acts | Law Library | Pionhr

The Factories Act


The main objectives of the Indian Factories Act are to regulate the working conditions in factories, health, safety welfare, annual leave and enact special provisions with respect to young persons, women and children who work in the factories.


The Act is applicable to any factory using power & employing 10 or more workers. If not using power, employing 20 or more workers on any day of the preceding 12 months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on, or whereon 20 or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding 12 months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on.

It does not include

  • A mine
  • A mobile unit belonging to the armed forces of the union
  • A railway running shed
  • A hotel, restaurant or eating place

Provisions covered

  • Health
    1. Cleanliness
    2. Disposal of Waste and Effluents
    3. Ventilation and Temperature
    4. Dust and Fumes
    5. Artificial Humidification
    6. Over-crowding
    7. Lighting
    8. Drinking Water
    9. Latrines and Urinals
    10. Spittoons
  • Safety
    1. Fencing of Machinery
    2. Work on or near machinery in motion
    3. Employment of Young Persons on Dangerous Machines:
    4. Striking gear and devices for cutting power
    5. Self-acting machines
    6. Casing of New Machinery
    7. Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-opener
    8. Safety measure for hoists and lifts, lifting machines, revolving machinery, pressure plant, excessive weights
    9. Protection of eyes
    10. Protection against dangerous fumes
    11. Protection from explosive or inflammable dust or gas
    12. Precaution in case of fire etc.
    13. Ensure safety of the workers 
  • Hazardous Processes
  • Welfare
    1. Washing Facilities
    2. Facilities for storing and drying clothing
    3. Facilities for sitting 
    4. First-Aid Appliances
    5. Canteen
    6. Shelters, rest-room and lunch room
    7. Creches
    8. Welfare Officers

Name of the Return/Act Return Form Number

  • Factories Act  Form no. 34
  • Payment of Wages Act, 1936 Form IV-A
  • Minimum Wages Act & Rules Form No. III
  • Workmen's compensation Act Annual Return
  • Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 L.M.N.
  • Half Yearly return Form No. 22


  • Register of White washing in Form No. 7 (Prescribed under rule 18.
  • Register of leave with wages in Form No. 15 (Prescribed under rule 94).
  • Register of Accident & Dangerous Occurences in Form 26 (Prescribed under rule III).
  • Register of Wages in From No. 17. (Computerised)
  • Muster roll in Form No. 25 (Prescribed under rule 110) will be maintaned by the factory.
  • Wages Slips in From No. 19 (Computerised).

Testing Reports to be Maintained Yearly

  • Report of Examination of Vessels in From 8 (Annual).
  • Report of Hoist of Lifts in From No. 7B (Annual).
  • Testing & Examination of pressure vessel in From No. 8 in respect of steam Generator / Steam Presses. (Annual).