It extends to the whole of India. It is applicable to every person employed in
- Any factory,
- Any railway or through sub-contractor in a railway
- A person employed in an industrial or other establishment.
The State Government may by notification extend the provisions to any class of persons employed in any establishment or class of establishment.
Method of Payment
The wages can't be paid in kind; it needs to be paid in cash, i.e. the country's current currency, note or coin.
The amount can also be paid by cheque or by direct crediting to the bank account of the employee after getting the authorization in writing.
The employer needs to pay the wags to the employee without any kind of deduction other than the authorized reason as per the Payment of Wages Act. The list of authorized deduction from wages includes: -
- Absence from duty/ leave without pay.
- House accommodations provided by the employer.
- Proven damage or loss of goods by the employee.
- Deduction of wages as recovery of advance payments.
- amenities and services supplied by the employer
- deductions for recovery of advances of whatever nature (including advances for travelling allowance or conveyance allowance), and the interest due in respect thereof, or for adjustment of over-payments of wages and loans
- deductions of income-tax payable by the employed person;
- deductions required to be made by order of a Court or other authority competent to make such order;
- deductions for subscriptions to, and for repayment of advances from any provident fund to which the Provident Funds Act (19 of 1925),
- deductions for payments to co-operative societies approved by the State Government
- deductions, made with the written authorisation of the person employed for payment of any premium on his life insurance policy
However, there are specific rules for the wages deduction in each condition as well.
Deduction for absent on duty as per Sec. 9 of the Act
- The absence being during the period of time when the staff was required to work.
- If over 10 employees remain absent, then the deduction of wages can exceed the wages of 8 days.
Deduction for damage or loss as per Sec. 10 of the Act
- The amount of deduction cannot exceed the amount of damage or loss caused. If it is an asset, the depreciation also needs to be calculated.
- The employee will be given a chance to show cause.
- A complete record of these kinds of deductions needs to be maintained in a register.
However, as per the Sec. 15 of the Act, an employee has the right to appeal against the deduction as per the Payment of Wages Act. An application can be made to the concerned authority by: -
- The Employee himself,
- His/her Legal practitioner,
- Official of registered trade union,
- Any person acting with the permission of the authorized personnel or,
- Any inspector under this act.